Best General Knowledge information of World Famous Battles by Adspk

Best General Knowledge information of World Famous Battles by Adspk

Name of the Battle

Year

Countries involved

Battle of Marathon490 BCAthenians and Persians. King Darius of Persia defeated.
Battle of Thermopylae480 BCSpartans led by Leonidas and Persians led by Xeroxes. Greeks defeated.
Battle of Salamis480 BCAthenian fleet and Persian fleet in bay of Salamis; Persian fleet defeated.
Battle of Platae479 BCGreek and Persians forces defeated.
Battle of Mycale479 BCGreek and Persian fleets; Persian fleet defeated.
Spartan War I (Peloponnesian War)459 BCSparta and Athens, lasted for 30 years.
Spartan War II431 BC-421Sparta and Athens; Spartans victorious.
Battle of Arabia331 BCGreek and Persian forces; Greeks victorious.
Battle of Magnesia190 BCSyrian and Roman forces; Syrian forces defeated (North-west Lydia).
Battle of Pharasalus48 ADCaesar defeated Pompey.
Battle of Hastings1066William, the Duck of Normandy defeated Harold, the king of England. England came under the control of Normans.
Hundred- year War1338-

 

1453

Fought between France and England .

The cause of the war was the succession was claimed to the throne of France which was claimed by Edward III of England. The war was resume by Henry V and was brought to an end by the Heroism of Joan of Arc – ‘A Country girl who overthrew the power of England ‘. John of Arc was burnt alive at the stakes in 1431.

War of the Roses1455-

1485

Civil War in England; The Cause of the War was a struggle for the throne o England between the two royal houses of Lancaster and York.
Anglo-Spanish War

(Spanish armada War)

1588Spanish and England fleets fought in the England Channel; The English fleet under lord Howard Defeated of the Spanish Armada.
Battle of Gibraltar Way1607The Dutch defeated the Spanish and Portuguese.
Thirty-year War1618-

1648

Stated as religious-cum-political war Between the Lutherans and Catholics in Germany and developed into an international war.
Civil War in England1642-

 

 

Between Cavaliers (King Charles I supporters)and forces of Parliament led by Oliver Cromwell, king Charles I executed .
Battle of Blenheim1704England and Austria headed by Marlborough defended France and Russia.
War of Austrian

Succession

1740-

1748

Queen of Austria, Maria Theresa

(daughter of Charles VII ) was Challenged by king Frederick II of Prussia. England Supported the Queen and Frederick II was helped by France. Ended with a Treaty Which recognized the Queen’s right to the throne after the death of king Frederick.

Seven -Year War

(Anglo-French War III)

1756-

1763

Britain and France against Austria and Prussia; the British alliance won.
Battle of the Nile1798British and French fleets, Britain victorious.
Battle of Trafolgar1805British fleet defeated fleets of France and Spain. British fleets were commanded by Admiral Nelson, who was killed during the Battle.
Battle of Austerliz1805Britain , Austria ,Russia and Prussia .On side and France on the other. Napoleon (France) defeated Austria and Russia.
Battle of Borodino1812Between France and Russia. Napoleon invaded Russia at Borodino, and nearly defeated the Russians. However on reaching Moscow, his army suffered heavy losses and was forced to retreat. Napoleon’s ill-fated attack on Russia market the beginning of the downfall of the French Empire.
Battle of Leipzing1813Germany and combined force of Austria, Prussia and Russia, Defeated Napoleon.
Battle of Waterloo1815British forces and by Duke of Wellington (sir Arthur Wellesley) defeated French forces led by Napoleon. Napoleon was Captured and exiled to St. Helena where he died in 1821.
First Opium War1840China and Britain; Chinese yielded opium. It was a trade war.
Crimean War1854-

1856

The Combined forces of the British,

French and Turks defeated Russia.

American Civil War1861-

1865

Northern states of America under

Abraham Lincoln defeated the Southern states and abolished the slavery.

Sino- Japanese War1894-

1895

Japan Defeated China and occupied

Formosa and Korea.

Battle of Omdurman1898The British and Egyptian forces defeated

The forces of Khalifa (Mehdits).

Bear War1899-

1901

The revolt of Transvaal Boers was

Suppressed by the British forces. Boers belonged to Dutch Protestant stock who opposed Britishers because of abolition of slavery by Britain.

Russo- Japanese War

(Battle of Port Arthur& Battle of Yalu)

1904-

1905

Russia and Japan in the sea of Japan.

Russia defeated; It led the wave of the idea of Asian Resurgence.

Balkan War I1912Turkey and Balkan countries (Montenegro, Serbia, Bulgaria and Greece), Turkey defeated.
Balkan War II1913Invasion of Serbia and Greece by Bulgaria. Bulgaria was Defeated by Combined forces of Serbia, Greece. Rumania, Montengro who stripped Turkey of most of its European territories.
World War I1914-

1918

Central Power (Germany and its allies)

Against the Allied Power (Britain and its allies); Central power were deeated. Famous Battles : (1). First battle of Marne (1914)- France defeated Germany.

(2). Battle o Jutland(1916)- Naval battle between England and Germany. England defeated Germany. (3). Battle of Verdun (1916)- Fought between France & Germany . (4). Second battle of Marne(1918) – France defeated Germany.

World War II1939-

1945

Axis Powers (Germany and its allies)

Against the Allied Power (Britain and its allies); Axis Power were defeated. Famous Battle: Battle of EI Alamein (1942)-The Allies victory during the World War II and retreat of General Rommel’s forces

Best General Knowledge information of World Famous Battles by Adspk