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r Pass is anarrow pass, about 53 km (33 mi) long, through mountains on the border between eastern Afghanistan and northern Pakistan. It has long been a strategic trade and invasion route.
➢ Hungol is the largest river of Balochistan.
➢ Simly Dam is an 80m high earthen embankment dam on the Soan River, 30 km east of Islamabad and Rawalpindi.
➢ Kalabagh iron deposits are largest in Pakistan with an estimated reserve of 309 m tons.
➢ The Hasni tribe is settled in Western Balochistan.
➢ Rechna and Bari Doabs are considered thickly populated region.
➢ Excavations at moenjo daro have revealed in earthen vessels Millet grains.
➢ Kurram pass joins Parachinar with Afghanistan.
➢ Tarbela Dam (or the National Dam), the world’s largest earth-filled dam on one of the world’s most important rivers – the Indus-, is 103 km from Rawalpindi near Haripur District. It is a major source of Pakistan’s total hydroelectric capacity. Tarbela Dam is part of the Indus Basin Project, which resulted from a water treaty signed in 1960 between India and Pakistan, guaranteeing Pakistan water supplies independent of upstream control by India. Construction began in 1968, and was completed in 1976 at a cost of Rs.18.5 billion. It is the biggest hydel power station in Pakistan having a capacity of generating 3,478 MW of electricity.
➢ Mangla Dam was constructed on the river Jhelum in 1967.
➢ Diamer-Bhasha Dam is the name of a dam that has been planned in the Northern Areas of Pakistan on the River Indus. It is located about 314 km upstream of Tarbela Dam and about 165 km downstream of Gilgit. The dam is supposed to have a power generation capacity of 4500 megawatts and is expected to considerable ease up the skewed hydro to thermal power generation ratio in Pakistan.
➢ Mirani Dam multipurpose project is located on Dasht River, about 30 miles west of Turbat in Makran Division of Balochistan.
➢ Hub Dam is a large water storage reservoir constructed in 1981 on the Hub River on the arid plains north of Karachi on provincial border between Balochistan and Sindh, Pakistan.
➢ The Kalabagh dam is a mega water reservoir that Government of Pakistan planning to develop across the Indus River, one of the world’s largest rivers. The proposed site for the dam is situated at Kalabagh in Mianwali District of the northwest Punjab province, bordering KP.
➢ Ghazi Barotha Dam is located on Indus River in Pakistan. Ghazi Barotha Hydroelectric project is located around 100 km from Islamabad.
➢ Gomal Dam is located on Gomal River in South Waziristan, KP.
➢ Namal Lake is located in one corner of the Namal valley in Mianwali, Punjab, Pakistan. This lake was created when Namal Dam was constructed in 1913.
➢ Khanpur Dam is a dam located on the Haro River near the town of Khanpur, about 25 miles from Islamabad, Pakistan.