Best General Knowledge of United Nations (UNO) by Adspk

Best General Knowledge of  United Nations (UNO) by Adspk

United Nations

Headquarters, New York City

Official languages Arabic, Chinese, English, French, Russian, Spanish

Membership 192 member states

Leaders

Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon Belong to South Korea

Establishment

United Nations Charter signed 26 June 1945

Entry into force of Charter 24 October 1945

Organization

Main article: United Nations System

The United Nations system is based on five principal organs

(formerly six – the Trusteeship Council suspended operations

in 1994);[6] the General Assembly, the Security Council,

the Economic and Social Council (ECOSOC), the Secretariat,

and the International Court of Justice.

Four of the five principal organs are located at the main

United Nations headquarters located on international territory

in New York City. The International Court of Justice is located

in The Hague, while other major agencies are based in the

UN offices at Geneva, Vienna, and Nairobi. Other UN institutions

Name—————- Secretary  General——-From——To

1 Trygve Lie  Norway 2 February 1946 10 November 1952

Resigned; First Secretary-General from Scandinavia

2 Dag Hammarskjöld  Sweden 10 April 1953 18 September 1961 Died while in office

3 U Thant  Burma 30 November 1961 1 January 1972 First Secretary-General from Asia

4 Kurt Waldheim  Austria 1 January 1972 1 January 1982

5 Javier Pérez de Cuéllar  Peru 1 January 1982 1 January

1992 First Secretary-General from South America

6 Boutros Boutros-Ghali  Egypt 1 January 1992 1 January

1997 First Secretary-General from Africa

7 Kofi Annan  Ghana 1 January 1997 1 January 2007

8 Ban Ki-moon  South Korea 1 January 2007 Incumbent

UNO Agencies

 

Name of Agency

 

 

Established

 

 

Headquarters

 

 

Purpose

 

 

International Labor Organization (ILO)

 

 

1919

 

 

Geneva

 

 

To improve conditions and living standard of workers.

 

 

World Health Organization (WHO)

 

 

1948

 

 

Geneva

 

 

Attainment of highest possible level of heath by all people.

 

 

United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO)

 

 

1946

 

 

Paris

 

 

To Promote collaboration among nations through education, science and culture.

 

 

International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)

 

 

1957

 

 

Vienna

 

 

To promote peaceful uses of atomic energy.

 

 

United Nations International Children’s Emergency Fund (UNICEF)

 

 

1946

 

 

New York

 

 

To promote children’s welfare all over the world.

 

 

United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR)

 

 

1950

 

 

Geneva

 

 

To provide protection to refugees.

 

 

United Nations Fund for Population Activities (UNFPA)

 

 

1967

 

 

New York

 

 

For formulating population policies.

 

 

International Fund for Agricultural Development

 

 

1977

 

 

Rome

 

 

For financing agricultural projects in the world to raise the economic growth.

 

 

United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD)

 

 

1964

 

 

Geneva

 

 

Promotes international trade to accelerate economic growth of developing countries.

 

 

International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO)

 

 

1947

 

 

Montreal

 

 

Promotes safety of international aviation.

 

 

International Monetary Fund (IMF)

 

 

1945

 

 

Washington D.C.

 

 

Promotes international monetary cooperation.

 

 

International Finance Corporation (IFC)

 

 

1956

 

 

Washington D.C.

 

 

Promotes economic development by encouraging private enterprise in its member countries.

 

 

Universal Postal Union (UPU)

 

 

1947

 

 

Berne

 

 

Improve various postal services in the world.

 

 

United Nations Environmental Program (UNEP)

 

 

1972

 

 

Nairobi

 

 

Promotes international co-operation in human environment.

 

 

United Nations Industrial Development Organization (UNIDO)

 

 

1967

 

 

Geneva

 

 

Sets international regulations for radio, telegraph, and telephone and space radio communication.

 

 

Food and Agricultural Organization (FAO)

 

 

1945

 

 

Rome

 

 

To improve living condition of rural population.

 

 

International Bank for Reconstruction and Development (IBRD)

 

 

1945

 

 

Washington D.C.

 

 

Development of economic of members by facilitating investment of capitals by providing loans.

 

 

World Meteorological Organization (WMO)

 

 

1950

 

 

Geneva

 

 

Promote international exchange of weather reports.

 

 

World Trade Organization (WTO)

 

 

1995

 

 

Geneva

 

 

Setting rules for world trade to reduce tariffs.

 

 

United Nations Development Program (UNDP)

 

 

 

 

New York

 

 

Help developing countries increase the wealth producing capabilities o their natural and human resources.

 

 

Inter Government maritime Consultative Organization (IMCO)

 

 

1958

 

 

London

 

 

Promotes co-operation on technical matters of maritime safety, navigation and encourages anti-pollution measures.

 

 

International Development Association (IDA)

 

 

1960

 

 

Washington D.C.

 

 

An affiliate of the World Bank, aims to help under-developed countries raise living standards.

 

 

International Tele-communication Union (ITU)

 

 

1947

 

 

Geneva

 

 

Sets international regulations for radio telegraph, telephone and space radio communications.

 

 

United Nations Institute for Training and Research (UNITAR)

 

 

1965

 

 

New York

 

 

Provides training and research to help facilitate UN objectives of world peace and security and of economic and social progress.

 

 

United Nations Relief and Work for Palestine Refugees (UNRWA)

 

 

1949

 

 

New York

 

 

Provides basic amenities and education for the victims of Arab-Israel War.

 

 

United Nations Fund for Population Activities (UNFPA)

 

 

1967

 

 

New York

 

 

Studying population dynamics, collecting population data, formulating and evolving population policies, family planning and related programs

Best General Knowledge of  United Nations (UNO) by Adspk